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Now the chocolate can become extinct

03 January 2018

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the US, cacao trees can only grow within 20 degrees north or south of the equator, where conditions are just right - fairly constant warm temperatures, high humidity, high rainfall, low winds and rich soils, conditions one would expect from rainforests.

According to a new report inBusiness Insider, the only thing that consistently makes you happy could go extinct in your lifetime, thanks to a decline in cacao plants (refresher: chocolate is made from the seeds of said plant).

Half of the world's chocolate is now sourced from just two African countries: Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, and changes in the amount of rain and sunshine could make growing the plant in these regions unsustainable. The team at Berkeley is working with the Mars company on gene-editing technology, called CRISPR, to prevent the plant from wilting and decaying in the uncertain years to come. It's also frequently victim to fungal disease and climate change.

The cacao tree, from which we get cocoa beans, thrives only in humid rainforest-like conditions close to the equator.

One such undertaking intends to ensure cassava - a key product that keeps a huge number of individuals from starving every year - from environmental change by tweaking its DNA to create to a lesser extent an unsafe poison that it makes in more sultry temperatures.

Climate change will clearly have far-reaching consequences for the way people eat, and thankfully scientists are already figuring out ways to adapt to the forthcoming crisis.

Shah Rukh Khan and Aanand L Rai's next titled Zero
It appears to be a party situation where dwarf SRK is seen burning the dance floor with his insane moves. The movie, which is going to release later this year, will feature Katrina Kaif and Anushka Sharma .

In September, the company pledged $1 billion as part of an effort called "Sustainability in a Generation", which aims to reduce the carbon footprint of its business and supply chain by more than 60% by 2050.

The real danger, scientists say, is a lack of humidity, which cacao plants need. The company's chief sustainability officer, Barry Parkin, told BI UK his company is trying "to go all in".

UC Berkeley geneticist Jennifer Doudna, the inventor of CRISPR, is overseeing the UC-Mars collaboration.

An avid tomato gardener, Doudna thinks her tool can benefit everyone from large food companies like Mars to individual hobbyists like herself.

The exploration lab she regulates at UC Berkeley is known as the Innovative Genomics Institute.

Cocoa plants are struggling as the climate warms up.

Now the chocolate can become extinct