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Murphy: Pulling Out Of Iran Deal Makes North Korea Agreement Harder

13 October 2017

Political observers have warned that any unilateral action by the United States based on unsupported claims of Iranian non-compliance would isolate Washington, impede future efforts for other nonproliferation agreements in the broader worldwide community and increase the likelihood of a wider conflict in the Middle East.

Trump, who has been sharply critical of Iran and accused Tehran of working with North Korea on lethal weapons, faces an October 15 deadline on whether to certify to Congress that Iran is compliance with the terms of the nuclear agreement. Engel, the top Democrat on the Foreign Affairs Committee, said unwinding the agreement would send a unsafe signal to allies and adversaries alike. "This is not the way of making deals, not in foreign policy, not in private businesses and I think [US] President [Donald] Trump understands that perfectly well", she said.

Observers say even if Congress decides to re-impose the sanctions, a dispute resolution process provides another month before the U.S. makes it clear that it is no longer a party to an agreement accepted by its key allies, the rest of the UN Security Council and Iran.

Engel said the USA would lose any leverage it has with allies in the deal if it abandons the JCPOA.

She noted that the global community, including the European Union and other USA allies, will continue to abide by the deal even if Trump chooses not to certify Iran's compliance, something which has been confirmed eight times by the worldwide Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The International Atomic Energy Agency says Iran is complying with the agreement. Former Secretary of State John Kerry, former Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz and Wendy Sherman, the former undersecretary of state for political affairs, along with European ambassadors met behind closed doors with lawmakers. But he's changed his thinking.

"The president said he wanted to tear up the deal".

Under the 2015 deal, Tehran agreed to roll back its nuclear program in exchange for relief from wide-ranging oil, trade and financial sanctions that had choked the Iranian economy.

Senior U.S. officials, European allies and prominent U.S. lawmakers have told Trump that refusing to certify the deal would leave the U.S. isolated, concede the diplomatic high ground to Tehran, and ultimately risk the unraveling of the agreement.

A congressional source and a non-governmental source familiar with the matter said the White House was looking at a Friday announcement after scrapping a tentative plan for Thursday.

Officials familiar with the internal deliberations as well as informed sources outside the administration say they do not believe Trump will call for Congress to reinstate the sanctions.

Trump's destructive made-for-TV move to decertify Iran's compliance with nuke deal

This week, Trump has heard appeals from British Prime Minister Theresa May and French President Emmanuel Macron for the United States to certify the deal for the sake of allied unity. "That ship has sailed", according to the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Republican legislators recently began drawing up new versions of the law that remove the 90-day timetable and replace it with "semi-annual" certifications, according to the officials.

"The deal not only will hold, but the deal does not belong to one country or another". He also wants to toughen language on ballistic missiles and inspections.

Trump threatened during the presidential campaign to tear the pact up if he was elected.

Top officials from Trump's national security team, including Defense Secretary James Mattis, have also confirmed that Iran has been technically compliant.

Gen. Joseph Dunford, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told the Senate Armed Services Committee last week that Iran "is not in material breach of the agreement".

Parsi goes on to note that a quick glimpse at those rallying behind Trump's efforts to kill the deal-from former US ambassador to the United Nations John Bolton and the hawkish Sen.

"We will see what happens pretty soon", said Trump, who must announce his decision on whether to certify Iran's compliance by the end of the week. Among them were Reps.

But decertification does not mean tearing up the agreement, nor will it necessarily allow the U.S.to renegotiate it, both of which Trump pledged to do as a candidate. Those provisions relate to enriching uranium to levels near those needed to produce the fuel for a nuclear weapon, as well as other activities that limit Iran's atomic capabilities at various sites. In effect, it would be walking away unilaterally. "Trump's foreign policy is a disaster and must be stopped", concluded Sen.

Ahead, we break down the implications of that decision and what could come next. "Once it was entered into, once it was implemented, we want to see it enforced".

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Murphy: Pulling Out Of Iran Deal Makes North Korea Agreement Harder