Unaids is concerned that in contrast to the explosion of the epidemic in eastern Europe and central Asia: the number of deaths has climbed by 27% in six years and the number of new infections has soared by 60%.
Under the report Ending AIDS: progress towards the 90-90-90, revealed taht in India, only 49 per cent of patients were on Antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2016.The coverage of pregnant women living with HIV accessing antiretroviral medicines is 41 per cent and for children it is a mere 33 per cent.
An HIV infection cannot be cured - it can only be contained with daily doses of antiretroviral therapy.
In its latest global report on the pandemic, which has killed around 35 million people worldwide, the UNAIDS agency said a record 19.5 million of the 36.5 million people who are HIV-positive are on treatment. A recent United Nation report confirmed that India, China and Pakistan are among 10 countries that accounted for more than 95% of total new HIV infection in Asia and Pacific region in 2016.
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"The Affordable Care Act has actually been incredibly important in helping even more people access care, treatment and prevention with respect to HIV", Warren said. Deaths caused by AIDS have fallen from 1.9 million in 2005 to 1 million in 2016. Only one out of five people living with HIV in these regions is getting medicine to suppress the virus, UNAIDS said.
There was little change in the number of new HIV infections among children (aged 0-14) in the region between 2010 and 2016. The target for 2015 has been achieved. With continued expansion in access, and at this rate of progres, the world is on track to reach the global target of 30 million people on treatment by 2020, according to the report.
In the Caribbean, 64 per cent of PLWA know their status, 81 per cent who know their status access treatment, and 67 per cent of people on treatment achieve viral suppression.
On the contrary, the progress against the set targets is trailing in Middle East, North Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. In collaboration with Unitaid and World Health Organization, the Global Fund is supporting the expansion of HIV self-test kits - flexible options that help address the challenge of nearly half of the people with HIV not knowing their status.
While these numbers demonstrate significant progress in the effort to combat HIV/AIDS, Mitchell Warren, executive director of HIV-prevention advocacy group AVAC, told Mic he worries that Trump's proposed budget cuts could put the epidemic back in peril.
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